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About Egypt


Alexandria and the Mediterranean :


Alexander the Great came to Egypt in 331 BC and selected a small fishing village as the site of his capital city. Oriented around Midan Ramla and Midan Saad Zaghoul, the large square that runs down to the waterfront, Alexandria once was home to the world?s greatest library, containing more than 500,000 volumes.
Cairo



Situated on the banks of the Nile with an estimated population of 16 million and growing, Cairo is the epicenter of modern Egypt. The city offers four-star hotels, fine dining, world-class arts and a chaotic, seething all-out assault on the senses. There are an abundance of fine 19th-century buildings, modern art and sculpture, precious green spaces and ancient districts - Islamic Cairo is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. And not visit would be complete without a visit to the Sphynx and Great Pyramids of Giza.
Luxor



area Built on the site of the ancient city of Thebes, Luxor has long been one of Egypt?s prime tourist draws. Attractions include the Valley of the Kings, where Tutankhamun?s tomb was discovered, and monuments to Karnak, Hatshepsut and Ramses III.
Luxor Temple



was built by Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1390-1352 BC) on the site of a temple built by Hatshepsut. Excavation work has been under way since 1885. The Temples of Karnak are a spectacular series of monuments that were the main place of worship in Theban times.
Aswan



Egypt´s southernmost city has long been the country´s gateway to Africa, straddling the crossroads of ancient caravan routes near the Tropic of Cancer. In ancient times it was a garrison town known as Swenet (meaning trade), located on Elephantine Island in the middle of Nile. Visitors can take in the Tombs of the Nobles and Nubian Museum, but the real attraction here is the magnificent Nile as it makes its way down from the massive High Dam and Lake Nasser. Watching feluccas glide by as the sun sets over mighty river is an unforgettable experience. ,br /> Hurghada


area The Red Sea resorts of El Gouna, Hurghada and Safaga offer a variety of water sports, golf courses, casinos and more.
Dahab



Situated 85km (53mi) north of Sharm el-Sheikh on the Gulf of Aqaba, Dahab was once a sleepy backwater. But these days there are more backpackers than Bedouin, and the town has become something of a lazy layover. There´s dirt-cheap accommodations virtually on the beach, and inexpensive restaurants and hotels. Not to mention magnificent swimming and snorkeling.
Sharm El Sheikh



Sinai´s super site is famous for international peace conferences and watersports, offering some of the best diving in the world.
Nile River



cruises Historically, the Nile was the preferred route to visit the temples and tombs along this stretch of the river. It is still a popular way to visit Upper Egypt and has many advantages to other means of travel. Along with a more relaxed mode of travel, Nile cruises often visit a wider variety of antiquities along the banks of the river. They also offer an intimate look at rural Egypt, where people live much the way they did thousands of years ago, in mud brick homes, tending fields with wooden plows and moving produce via donkey.
St. Catherine´s Monastery



The center of religious tourism in Sinai, Mount Catherine is the highest point on the peninsula at 2,642 m, followed by Mount Sinai (Moses?s Mountain) at 2,285m. It is popular to climb Mount Sinai during the early morning hours to arrive at the top as the sun rises. St. Catherine´s, the world?s first monastery, dates to the 3rd century and is a popular day trip from Sharm el Sheik.
Oases:



Fayoum Oasis



Fayoum originates from the hieroglyphic word Bayoum, which meant "the sea," a reference to Lake Qaroun. It is known for a year-round warm climate, numerous water wheels introduced in the 3rd century BC and lush agricultural land. Fayoum has been a hunting ground since ancient times, and there are many Pharaonic sites in the area, including the red granite obelisk of Senusert I and the pyramid of Senusert II at Al-Lahun; the pyramid of Amenemhat III at Hawara; and the remains of the city of Karais. Wadi Al-Hitan, or Valley of the Whales, is an expanse of desert littered with fossils behind a mountain known as Gabal Gar Gohannam (The Mountain Next to Hell). In the light of the setting sun, the mountain seems ablaze with an eerie red glow. Wadi Al-Hitan is also near the Al-Qatrani mountain range. "Of all the important sites in Egypt, Al-Qatrani is the object of the most studies because it used to be a jungle, populated by all kinds of mammals. The whole area, about 150km of desert today, is an open-air geological museum," notes Mohammadein Hassan, a geologist and a ranger in the Wadi Al-Rayan protectorate. Hassan adds that this area is famous worldwide for its rare vertebrate fossils and mega-fossils. Studies of Gabal Gar Gohannam have found skeletons of sharks, dogfish and whales. According to Mustafa Mahmoud, the Egyptian-Italian project co-director in the Wadi Rayan protectorate, the area was under water about 45 million years ago. To date, 34 whale skeletons have been discovered, with tails reaching 18m long.
Baharia Oasis



Located 365 km southwest of Giza, the oasis is known for palm trees, olives, apricots, rice and corn. Birds and deer abound. Bawiti is the capital of Baharia Oasis that occupies a hillside. Baharia Oasis is famous for their mineral and sulphur spring, including Bir Hakima, Bir Halfa, Bir Al Matar, and Bir El Ghaba. Baharia archaeological sites date to Pharaonic periods. Bawiti is home to Egypt?s largest Ptolemaic necropolis dedicated to the ibis, an indigenous bird. On tour in Egypt, visitors can arrange safari trips to the oases while enjoying Bedouin folklore in the evenings. Baharia oases are connected with Siwa and Farafra oases via motorway.
Al Kharga Oasis



Al Kharga was the last stop on the Forty Days Road, the infamous slave-trade route between North Africa and the south. Today it is the biggest New Valley oasis. The prime attraction is the 6th century B,C. Temple of Hibis, built on the site of a Saite, Persian and Ptolemaic settlement and one of the few Persian monuments in Egypt. Ten kilometers away, the Necropolis of Al-Bagawat houses 263 mud brick tombs with Coptic murals, including the remains of one of the oldest churches in Egypt: the Tomb of Peace and the Tomb of the Exodus.
Farafra Oasis



Known as Ta-iht, or Land of the Cow, in Pharaonic times, Farafra is a short ride away from the hot sulphur springs at Bir Setta and El-Mufid Lake.
White Desert



An excursion to the White Desert should not be missed. Travelers coming from Bahariya cross the Black Desert, passing the tiny oasis of El Heez on the way. Nearby are Roman ruins, including a church with Coptic inscriptions. Entering through Al-Sillim passage, travelers are greeted by a landscape of surreal wind-eroded rock formations which is particularly fascinating at sunrise or sunset. Camel and Jeep trips, including a hot meal and fresh bread made in the sand Bedouin style, can be arranged.
Siwa



The most fascinating oasis on the edge of the Great Sand Sea, its rich history includes a visit by Alexander the Great to Amun Prophecy Temple in 331 BC. Siwans have a unique culture and customs, and speak a Berber language. Siwa remains one of the best places to buy jewelery, rugs, baskets, traditional robes and headdresses decorated with antique coins.